religious dictionary catholic

Infallibility:The gift of the Holy Spirit to the Church whereby the pastors of the Church, the pope and bishops in union with him, can definitively proclaim a doctrine of faith or morals for the belief of the faithful. The observance of certain penitential practices is obliged by the fourth precept of the Church. Punishment, Temporal:Purification of the unhealthy attachment to creatures, which is a consequence of sin that perdures even after death. A shrine or place of pilgrimage. It was the form of Mass used by the Western Church until 1969 when Pope John Paul VI authorized the use of a revised Mass which could be said in the language of the country. New Covenant:The new "dispensation," order or Covenant, established by God in Jesus Christ, to succeed and perfect the Old Covenant. March 19 Holy Trinity Chastity:The moral virtue which, under the cardinal virtue of temperance, provides for the successful integration of sexuality within the person leading to the inner unity of the bodily and spiritual being. Vice:A habit acquired by repeated sin in violation of the proper norms of human morality. Passover:See Pasch/Paschal Lamb. Fathers of The Church:Church teachers and writers of the early centuries whose teachings are a witness to the Tradition of the Church. Veneration must be clearly distinguished from adoration and worship, which are due to God alone. Sacred Scripture:The sacred writings of the Old and New Testament that are believed to be inspired by the Holy Spirit and written by human hands. Lands east of Istanbul are called Eastern world. The revealed truth of the Holy Trinity is at the very root of the Church's living faith as expressed in the Creed. Transcendence:The belief that God exists at a higher plane, such as heaven. Relic:Any part of the physcial remains of a saint or items that have touched the body of a saint. The Holy Spirit makes the Church "the temple of the living God". Atheism is a sin against the virtue of religion required by the first commandment of the law. Satisfaction (for Sin):An act whereby the sinner makes amends for sin, especially in reparation to God for offenses against him. Lectionary/Lector:The official, liturgical book ,lectionary, from which the reader ,lector, proclaims the Scripture readings used in the Liturgy of the Word. January 1 In Latin This is; "Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine. "Rite" and "ritual" are sometimes interchanged, as in "the sacramental rite" or "the sacramental ritual." Y Hell:The state of definitive self-exclusion from communion with God and the blessed, reserved for those who refuse by their own free choice to believe and be converted from sin, even to the end of their lives. June 29 New Covenant:The new "dispensation," order or Covenant, established by God in Jesus Christ, to succeed and perfect the Old Covenant. Son of Man:The title used by our Lord of himself in the Gospel. Parables:A characteristic feature of the teaching of Jesus. The sacraments (called "mysteries" in the Eastern Churches) are seven in number: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance or Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony. Venial Sin:Sin which does not destroy the divine life in the soul, as does mortal sin, though it diminishes and wounds it. Savior:Jesus which means "God saves" in Hebrew. There are a number of symbols for the name Jesus which you may see in Churches or works of art. In a more specific sense, the catechetical period following immediately after the reception of Baptism by adults. Irreligion:A vice contrary by defect to the virtue of religion. Son of God:A title frequently applied to Jesus in the Gospel, signifying his unique relationship to the Father. Gluttony is one of the seven capital sins. The traditional list of seven gifts of the Spirit is derived from Isaiah 11:1-3: wisdom, understanding, knowledge, counsel, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord. Yahweh (Yhwh):The personal name of the God of Israel, revealed to Moses on Mt. Praise:The form of prayer which focuses on giving recognition to God for his own sake, giving glory to Him for who he is. Because she is the mother of Jesus Son of God and second Person of the Blessed Trinity according to the flesh, she is rightly called the Mother of God (Theotokos). Holy See:The seat of the central administration of the worldwide Catholic Church; the name is taken from the seat or diocese of the Pope, Bishop of Rome and successor of St. Peter as Vicar of Christ and pastor of the universal Church. Pericope:From the Greek word meaning "cutting" or "section," a pericope describes the Scripture readings at Mass which are sections of books of the Bible. Pride:One of the seven capital sins. Search over 7,000 Catholic saint bios. Requiem:A Mass for the dead. The sacraments (called "mysteries" in the Eastern Churches) are seven in number: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance or Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony. See Works of Mercy. Both the living Tradition and the written Scriptures have their common source in the revelation of God in Jesus Christ. It is the spiritual food for one's "passing over" to the Father from this world. Poverty is one of the three evangelical counsels whose public profession in the Church is a constitutive element of consecrated life. Only people commissioned by the Bishop are allowed to give sermons, usually Priests or Deacons. Rosary:A prayer in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which repeats the privileged Marian prayer Ave Maria, or Hail Mary, in "decades" of ten prayers, each preceded by the Pater Noster ("Our Father") and concluded by the Gloria Patri (Glory Be to the Father), accompanied by meditation on the mysteries of Christ's life. In the Lord's Prayer "Thy Kingdom come" we pray for its final glorious appearance, when Christ will hand over the Kingdom to his Father. Private Revelations:Revelations made in the course of history which do not add to or form part of the deposit of faith, but rather may help people live out their faith more fully. The human person needs to live in society, which is a group of persons bound together organically by a principle of unity that goes beyond each one of them. Pride:One of the seven capital sins. Old Testament:The forty-six books of the Bible, which record the history of salvation from creation through the old alliance or covenant with Israel, in preparation for the appearance of Christ as Savior of the world. World:Creation, or the earth, or even the universe. Vicar of Christ:A title given to St. Peter, head of the Twelve Apostles, and to his successors, the popes; "vicar" means one who stands in for or acts for another. The divine nature refers to the one divine substance or essence; each of the three distinct Persons of the Trinity is entirely God, who is one by the divine nature. Obedience of faith: The first obedience is that of faith: to listen and freely submit to the word of God. Passages from the Old Testament or the epistles in the New Testament may be read by lay people. Natural moral law is inscribed in the heart, and known by human reason. The Kingdom of God draws near in the coming of the Incarnate Word; it is announced in the Gospel; it is the messianic Kingdom, present in the person of Jesus, the Messiah; it remains in our midst in the Eucharist. Redeemer/Redemption:Jesus Christ, redeemer of mankind. Parables are simple images or comparisons which confront the hearer or reader with a radical choice about his invitation to enter the Kingdom of God. Faith is both a theological virtue given by God as grace, and an obligation which flows from the first commandment of God. "Transubstantiation" indicates that through the consecration of the bread and the wine there occurs the change of the entire substance of the bread into the substance of the Body of Christ, and of the entire substance of the wine into the Blood of Christ even though the appearances or "species" of bread and wine remain. Hypostatic Union:The union of the divine and human natures in the one divine Person (Greek: hypostasis) of the Son of God, Jesus Christ. Judgment, Rash:A fault against the eighth commandment committed by one who assumes the moral fault of the neighbor to be true without sufficient foundation. It ensures the mastery of the will over instinct, and keeps natural desires within proper limits. Pilgrimage:A journey to a holy place. Nature:The created order. The world will reach its goal and perfection when it has been renewed and transformed into "the new heaven and the new earth" in the fullness of God's kingdom. Lord:The Old Testament title for God that in speaking or reading aloud was always substituted for the name that was revealed to Moses and that was too holy to be pronounced: Yahweh. Liberation Theology:Theology that attempts to articulate the faith from the perspective of a group's experience of its struggle to overcome oppression. Christ the King Virtue:An habitual and firm disposition to do the good. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the second Person of the Trinity, is both true God and true man, not part God and part man. New Testament:The twenty-seven books of the Bible written by the sacred authors in apostolic times, which have Jesus Christ, the incarnate Son of God, his life, teachings, Passion and glorification, and the beginnings of his Church as their central theme. Eastern Churches:Churches of the East in union with Rome, the Western Church, but not of Roman rite, with their own liturgical, theological, and administrative traditions, such as those of the Byzantine, Alexandrian or Coptic, Syriac, Armenian, Maronite, and Chaldean rites. "(Lord, give them eternal rest). Sermon:A talk in which the word of God is explained. Sermon:A talk in which the word of God is explained. We are obliged to make reparation for personal sins against justice and truth, either through restitution of stolen goods or correcting the harm done to the other's good name. Obedience:The submission to the authority of God which requires everyone to obey the divine law. Schism:Refusal of submission to the Supreme Pontiff, or of communion with the members of the Church subject to him. Each Sunday Mass commemorates the resurrection of Christ on the first Easter Sunday, and is a reminder of the first day of creation for those who have become a "new creation in Christ". Thus the cycle of the liturgical year and the great feasts constitute the basic rhythm of the Christian's life of prayer, with its focal point at Easter. Creed:A brief, normative summary statement or profession of Christian faith, e.g., the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed. All true satisfaction for sin must be a participation in the satisfaction for sin made by Christ through his death on the cross. Sabbath:The Sabbath or seventh "day," on which God rested after the work of the "six days" of creation was completed, as recounted in the opening narrative of the Bible. Easter is the "feast of feasts," the solemnity of solemnities, the "Great Sunday." The acts of the penitent contrition, the confession of sins, and satisfaction or reparation together with the prayer of absolution by the priest, constitute the essential elements of the Sacrament of Penance. God did not create man a solitary being; from the beginning, "male and female he created them". Proto-Evangelium:The proto or first Gospel: the passage in Genesis (3:15) that first mysteriously announces the promise of the Messiah and Redeemer. Laity are distinguished from clergy (who have received Holy Orders) and those in consecrated life. Laity:The faithful who, having been incorporated into Christ through Baptism, are made part of the people of God, the Church. Superstition:The attribution of a kind of magical power to certain practices or objects, like charms or omens. New Testament:The twenty-seven books of the Bible written by the sacred authors in apostolic times, which have Jesus Christ, the incarnate Son of God, his life, teachings, Passion and glorification, and the beginnings of his Church as their central theme. Homily:Preaching by an ordained minister to explain the Scriptures proclaimed in the liturgy and to exhort the people to accept them as the Word of God. Revelation:God's communication of himself, by which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan, a gift of self-communication which is realized by deeds and words over time, and most fully by sending us his own divine Son, Jesus Christ. Each Sunday Mass commemorates the resurrection of Christ on the first Easter Sunday, and is a reminder of the first day of creation for those who have become a "new creation in Christ". For a sin to be mortal, three conditions must be present: grave matter, full knowledge of the evil of the act, and full consent of the will. Vespers:The evening prayer of the Divine Office. Temple:The house of worship built in Jerusalem by Solomon as God's dwelling-place, for the exercise of the priestly rites of sacrifice in the Jewish religion. Genesis:The first book of Bible, which describes God's creation of the world and humanity, and the drama of sin and the hope for salvation. With prophetic power, John gave witness to Jesus by his preaching, by the baptism of conversion he announced, and finally by his martyrdom. It is the work of Christ, expressed particularly in the Sermon on the Mount, and of the Holy Spirit, by whose grace it becomes for us the interior law of charity. Magi:The wise men who came from the East to pay homage to the newborn Savior. Council, Ecumenical:A gathering of all the bishops of the world, in the exercise of their collegial authority over the universal Church. Liturgical:Describes Church practices such as hymns, prayers and services. Trinity:The mystery of one God in three Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Convent:The place where a community of Nuns live. Peter and Paul, Apostles Israel:The Jewish people, chosen by God to be his people and named after Israel (Jacob), from whose twelve sons the tribes of Israel descend. Roman Ritual:Liturgical book containing special rites and blessings. Obedience of faith: The first obedience is that of faith: to listen and freely submit to the word of God. He was the first among the Apostles, and their head; the pope is his successor as Bishop of Rome and Vicar of Christ, and as pastor of the universal Church. The revealed truth of the Holy Trinity is at the very root of the Church's living faith as expressed in the Creed. June 29 Pride is undue self esteem or self love, which seeks attention and honor and sets oneself in competition with God. Omnipresence:That God is everywhere. Society must provide the conditions that allow people to obtain what is their due, according to their nature and vocation. Penance:Interior penance: a conversion of heart toward God and away from sin, which implies the intention to change one's life because of hope in divine mercy. Saint:The "holy one" who leads a life in union with God through the grace of Christ and receives the reward of eternal life. Eschatology refers to the area of Christian faith which is concerned about "the last things," and the coming of Jesus on "the last day": our human destiny, death, judgment, resurrection of the body, heaven, purgatory, and hell all of which are contained in the final articles of the Creed. Corporal works of mercy include feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and imprisoned, sheltering the homeless, and burying the dead. Economy of Salvation (Divine Economy):From a Greek word oikonomia, literally "management of a household" or "stewardship" which refers to God's revelation and communication of himself to the world in time for the sake of the salvation of all humanity; hence, the economy of salvation. Presumption can take the form of trust in self without recognizing that salvation comes from God, or of an over confidence in divine mercy. Obedience of Christ: Jesus Christ substituted his obedience to the will of his Father, even unto death, for the disobedience of sin, in order to bring us the grace of justification and to satisfy for our sins. In the New Testament the "world" is sometimes used to indicate the forces of opposition to the work of Jesus and of his Holy Spirit. 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